SUPER BOWL History

The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the NFL, the highest level of professional football in the United States. The Super Bowl normally uses Roman numerals to identify each game, rather than the year in which it is held. For example, Super Bowl I was played on January 15, 1967, following the 1966 regular season. The single exception to this rule is Super Bowl 50, which is scheduled to be played on February 7, 2016. The game was created as part of a merger agreement between the NFL and its then-rival league, the American Football League (AFL). It was agreed that the two leagues' champion teams would play in the AFL–NFL World Championship Game until the merger was to officially begin in 1970.

Origins

For four decades after its 1920 inception, the NFL successfully fended off several rival leagues. However, in 1960, it encountered its most serious competitor when the American Football League (AFL) was formed. The AFL vied heavily with the NFL for both players and fans, but by the middle of the decade the strain of competition led to serious merger talks between the two leagues. Prior to the 1966 season, the NFL and AFL reached a merger agreement that was to take effect for the 1970 season. As part of the merger, the champions of the two leagues agreed to meet in a world championship game for professional American football until the merger was effected.

The "Super Bowl" name was derived from the bowl game, a post-season college football game. The original "bowl game" was the Rose Bowl Game in Pasadena, California, which was first played in 1902 as the "Tournament East-West football game" as part of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses and moved to the new Rose Bowl Stadium in 1923. The stadium got its name from the fact that the game played there was part of the Tournament of Roses and that it was shaped like a bowl, much like the Yale Bowl in New Haven, Connecticut; the Tournament of Roses football game itself eventually came to be known as the Rose Bowl Game. Exploiting the Rose Bowl Game's popularity, post-season college football contests were created for Miami (the Orange Bowl), New Orleans (the Sugar Bowl), and El Paso, Texas (the Sun Bowl) in 1935, and for Dallas (the Cotton Bowl) in 1937. Thus, by the time the first Super Bowl was played, the term "bowl" for any big-time American football game was well established.

After the NFL's Green Bay Packers won the first two Super Bowls, some team owners feared for the future of the merger. At the time, many doubted the competitiveness of AFL teams compared with their NFL counterparts, though that perception changed when the AFL's New York Jets defeated the NFL's Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III in Miami. One year later, the AFL's Kansas City Chiefs defeated the NFL's Minnesota Vikings 23–7 in Super Bowl IV in New Orleans, which was the final AFL-NFL World Championship Game played before the merger. Beginning with the 1970 season, the NFL realigned into two conferences; the former AFL teams plus three NFL teams (the Colts, Pittsburgh Steelers, and Cleveland Browns) would constitute the American Football Conference (AFC), while the remaining NFL clubs would form the National Football Conference (NFC). The champions of the two conferences would play each other in the Super Bowl.

The winning team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy, named after the coach of the Green Bay Packers, who won the first two Super Bowl games and three of the five preceding NFL championships in 1961, 1962, and 1965. Following Lombardi's death in September 1970, the trophy was named the Vince Lombardi Trophy, and was the first awarded as such to the Baltimore Colts following their win in Super Bowl V in Miami

Actuality

The Super Bowls of the 2000s and early 2010s are notable for the performances (and the pedigrees) of several of the participating quarterbacks. During that era, Tom Brady (six Super Bowl appearances, four wins), Ben Roethlisberger (three appearances, two wins), Peyton Manning (three appearances, one win), Eli Manning (two appearances, two wins), Kurt Warner (three appearances, one win), Drew Brees (one appearance, one win), Aaron Rodgers (one appearance, one win), Joe Flacco (one appearance, one win), and Russell Wilson (two appearances, one win) have all added Super Bowl championships to their lists of individual accomplishments.

Super Bowl Timeline Summary

Super
Bowl
Date CONFERENCE WINNER
CONFERENCE LOSER
Score Head Coach Site MVP
I 1/15/67 Green Bay Packers (NFL)
Kansas City Chiefs (AFL)
35
10
Vince Lombardi
Hank Stram
L.A. Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles, CA
(QB) Bart Starr,
Green Bay
II 1/14/68 Green Bay Packers (NFL)
Oakland Raiders (AFL)
33
14
Vince Lombardi
John Rauch
Miami Orange Bowl
Miami, FL
(QB) Bart Starr,
Green Bay
III 1/12/69 New York Jets (AFL)
Baltimore Colts (NFL)
16
7
Weeb Ewbank
Don Shula
Miami Orange Bowl
Miami, FL
(QB) Joe Namath,
N.Y. Jets
IV 1/11/70 Kansas City Chiefs (AFL)
Minnesota Vikings (NFL)
23
7
Hank Stram
Bud Grant
Tulane Stadium
New Orleans, LA
(QB) Len Dawson,
Kansas City
V 1/17/71 Baltimore Colts (AFC)
Dallas Cowboys (NFC)
16
13
Don McCafferty
Tom Landry
Miami Orange Bowl
Miami, FL
(LB) Chuck Howley,
Dallas
VI 1/16/72 Dallas Cowboys (NFC)
Miami Dolphins (AFC)
24
3
Tom Landry
Don Shula
Tulane Stadium
New Orleans, LA
(QB) Roger Staubach,
Dallas
VII 1/14/73 Miami Dolphins (AFC)
Washington Redskins (NFC)
14
7
Don Shula
George Allen
L.A. Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles, CA
(S) Jake Scott,
Miami
VIII 1/13/74 Miami Dolphins (AFC)
Minnesota Vikings (NFC)
24
7
Don Shula
Bud Grant
Rice Stadium
Houston, TX
(RB) Larry Csonka,
Miami
IX 1/12/75 Pittsburgh Steelers (AFC) Minnesota Vikings (NFC) 16
6
Chuck Noll
Bud Grant
Tulane Stadium
New Orleans, LA
(RB) Franco Harris,
Pittsburgh
X 1/18/76 Pittsburgh Steelers (AFC)
Dallas Cowboys (NFC)
21
17
Chuck Noll
Tom Landry
Miami Orange Bowl
Miami, FL
(WR) Lynn Swann,
Pittsburgh
XI 1/9/77 Oakland Raiders (AFC) Minnesota Vikings (NFC) 32
14
John Madden
Bud Grant
Rose Bowl
Pasadena, CA
(WR) Fred Biletnikoff,
Oakland
XII 1/15/78 Dallas Cowboys (NFC)
Denver Broncos (AFC)
27
10
Tom Landry
Red Miller
Louisiana Superdome
New Orleans, LA
(DT) Randy White &
(DE) Harvey Martin, Dallas
XIII 1/21/79 Pittsburgh Steelers (AFC)
Dallas Cowboys (NFC)
35
31
Chuck Noll
Tom Landry
Miami Orange Bowl
Miami, FL
(QB) Terry Bradshaw,
Pittsburgh
XIV 1/20/80 Pittsburgh Steelers (AFC)
Los Angeles Rams (NFC)
31
19
Chuck Noll
Ray Malavasi
Rose Bowl
Pasadena, CA
(QB) Terry Bradshaw,
Pittsburgh
XV 1/25/81 Oakland Raiders (AFC) Philadelphia Eagles (NFC) 27
10
Tom Flores
Dick Vermeil
Louisiana Superdome
New Orleans, LA
(QB) Jim Plunkett,
Oakland
XVI 1/24/82 San Francisco 49ers (NFC)
Cincinnati Bengals (AFC)
26
21
Bill Walsh
Forrest Gregg
Pontiac Silverdome
Pontiac, MI
(QB) Joe Montana,
San Francisco
XVII 1/30/83 Washington Redskins (NFC)
Miami Dolphins (AFC)
27
17
Joe Gibbs
Don Shula
Rose Bowl
Pasadena, CA
(RB) John Riggins,
Washington
XVIII 1/22/84 Los Angeles Raiders (AFC)
Washington Redskins (NFC)
38
9
Tom Flores
Joe Gibbs
Tampa Stadium
Tampa, FL
(RB) Marcus Allen,
L.A. Raiders
XIX 1/20/85 San Francisco 49ers (NFC)
Miami Dolphins (AFC)
38
16
Bill Walsh
Don Shula
Stanford Stadium
Stanford, CA
(QB) Joe Montana,
San Francisco
XX 1/26/86 Chicago Bears (NFC)
New England Patriots (AFC)
46
10
Mike Ditka
Raymond Berry
Louisiana Superdome
New Orleans, LA
(DE) Richard Dent,
Chicago
XXI 1/25/87 New York Giants (NFC)
Denver Broncos (AFC)
39
20
Bill Parcells
Dan Reeves
Rose Bowl
Pasadena, CA
(QB) Phil Simms,
NY Giants
XXII 1/31/88 Washington Redskins (NFC) Denver Broncos (AFC) 42
10
Joe Gibbs
Dan Reeves
Jack Murphy Stadium
San Diego, CA
(QB) Doug Williams,
Washington
XXIII 1/22/89 San Francisco 49ers (NFC)
Cincinnati Bengals (AFC)
20
16
Bill Walsh
Sam Wyche
Joe Robbie Stadium
Miami, FL
(WR) Jerry Rice,
San Francisco
XXIV 1/28/90 San Francisco 49ers (NFC) Denver Broncos (AFC) 55
10
George Seifert
Dan Reeves
Louisiana Superdome
New Orleans, LA
(QB) Joe Montana,
San Francisco
XXV 1/27/91 New York Giants (NFC)
Buffalo Bills (AFC)
20
19
Bill Parcells
Marv Levy
Tampa Stadium
Tampa, FL
(RB) Ottis Anderson,
NY Giants
XXVI 1/26/92 Washington Redskins (NFC) Buffalo Bills (AFC) 37
24
Joe Gibbs
Marv Levy
Humphrey Metrodome
Minneapolis, MN
(QB) Mark Rypien,
Washington
XXVII 1/31/93 Dallas Cowboys (NFC)
Buffalo Bills (AFC)
52
17
Jimmy Johnson
Marv Levy
Rose Bowl
Pasadena, CA
(QB) Troy Aikman,
Dallas
XXVIII 1/30/94 Dallas Cowboys (NFC)
Buffalo Bills (AFC)
30
13
Jimmy Johnson
Marv Levy
Georgia Dome
Atlanta, GA
(RB) Emmitt Smith,
Dallas
XXIX 1/29/95 San Francisco 49ers (NFC)
San Diego Chargers (AFC)
49
26
George Seifert
Bobby Ross
Joe Robbie Stadium
Miami, FL
(QB) Steve Young
San Francisco
XXX 1/28/96 Dallas Cowboys (NFC) Pittsburgh Steelers (AFC) 27
17
Barry Switzer
Bill Cowher
Sun Devil Stadium
Tempe, AZ
(CB) Larry Brown,
Dallas
XXXI 1/26/97 Green Bay Packers (NFC)
New England Patriots (AFC)
35
21
Mike Holmgren
Bill Parcells
Louisiana Superdome
New Orleans, LA
(KR) Desmond Howard,
Green Bay
XXXII 1/25/98 Denver Broncos (AFC)
Green Bay Packers (NFC)
31
24
Mike Shanahan
Mike Holmgren
Qualcomm Stadium
San Diego, CA
(RB) Terrell Davis,
Denver
XXXIII 1/31/99 Denver Broncos (AFC)
Atlanta Falcons (NFC)
34
19
Mike Shanahan
Dan Reeves
Pro Player Stadium
Miami, FL
(QB) John Elway,
Denver
XXXIV 1/30/00 St. Louis Rams (NFC)
Tennessee Titans (AFC)
23
16
Dick Vermeil
Jeff Fisher
Georgia Dome
Atlanta, GA
(QB) Kurt Warner,
St. Louis
XXXV 1/28/01 Baltimore Ravens (AFC)
New York Giants (NFC)
34
7
Brian Billick
Jim Fassel
Raymond James Stadium
Tampa, FL
(LB) Ray Lewis,
Baltimore
XXXVI 2/03/02 New England Patriots (AFC)
St. Louis Rams (NFC)
20
17
Bill Belichick
Mike Martz
Louisiana Superdome
New Orleans, LA
(QB) Tom Brady,
New England
XXXVII 1/26/03 Tampa Bay Buccaneers (NFC)
Oakland Raiders (AFC)
48
21
John Gruden
Bill Callahan
Qualcomm Stadium
San Diego, CA
(DB) Dexter Jackson,
Tampa Bay
XXXVIII 2/03/04 Carolina Panthers (NFC)
New England Patriots (AFC)
29
32
Bill Belichick
John Fox
Reliant Stadium
Houston Texas
(QB) Tom Brady,
New England
XXXIX 1/2605 Philadelphia Eagles (NFC)
New England Patriots (AFC)
21
24
Bill Belichick
Andy Reid
Alltel Stadium
Jacksonville, FL
(WR) Deion Branch,
New England
XL 2/03/06 Pittsburg Steelers (AFC)
Seattle Seahawks (NFC)
21
10
Bill Cowher
Mike Holmgren
Ford Field
Detroit, MI
(WR) Hines Ward,
Pittsburg
XLI 1/26/07 Indianapolis Colts (AFC)
Chicago Bears (NFC)
29
17
Tony Dungy
Lovie Smith
Dolphin Stadium
Miami, FL
(QB) Peyton Manning,
Indianapolis
XLII 2/03/08 New York Giants (NFC)
New England Patriots (AFC)
17
14
Tom Coughlin
Bill Belichick
University of Phoenix Stadium
Glendale, AZ
(QB) Eli Manning,
New York
XLIII 1/26/09 Pittsburg Steelers (AFC)
Arizona Cardinals (NFC)
27
23
Mike Tomlin
Ken Whisenhunt
Raymond James Stadium
Tampa, FL
(WR) Santonio Holmes,
Pittsburg
XLIV 2/06/10 New Orleans (NFC)
Oakland (AFC)
31
17
Sean Payton
Jim Caldwell
Sun Life Stadium
Miami, FL
(QB) Drew Bree,
New Orleans
XLV 2/06/11 Green Bay Packers (NFC)
Pittsburg (AFC)
31
25
Mike McCarthy
Mike Tomlin
Cowboys Stadium
Arlington, TX
(QB) Aaron Rodgers,
Green Bay
XLVI 2/05/12 New York Giants (NFC)
New England (AFC)
21
17
Tom Coughlin
Bill Belichick
Lucas Oil Stadium
Indianapolis, IN
(QB) Eli Manning,
New York
XLVII 2/03/13 Baltimore Ravens (AFC)
San Francisco (NFC)
34
31
John Harbaugh
Jim Harbaugh
Mercedes-Benz Superdome
New Orleans, LA
(QB) Joe Flacco,
Baltimore
XLVIll 2/02/14 Seattle Seahawks (NFC)
Denver Broncos (AFC)
43
8
Pete Carroll
John Fox
MetLife Stadium
East Rutherford, NJ
(LB) Malcolm Smith,
Seattle
XLIX 2/01/15 New England Patriots (AFC) Seattle Seahawks (NFC) 28
24
Bill Belichick
Pete Carroll
University of Phoenix Stadium
Glendale, AZ
(QB) Tom Brady,
New England
50 2/07/16 Denver Broncos (AFC)
Carolina Panthers (NFC)
24
10
Gary Kubiak
Ron Rivera
Levi's Stadium
Santa Clara, CA
(LB) Von Miller,
Denver
Ll 2/05/17 New England Patriots (AFC)
Atlanta Falcons (NFC)
34
28
Bill Belichick
Dan Quinn
NRG Stadium
Houston, TX
(QB) Tom Brady,
New England